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There are a number of festivals, holidays and other events celebrated in Brasília each year. The main ones are listed below.

January 1: New Year's Day (national holiday)

February: Carnival (local event)

Just like in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian capital puts on quite a show for carnival every year, including a huge and colourful parade. Brasília's streets are given over to the beat of the samba.

April 21: Brasília Day (local event)

Commemorates the presidential inauguration on this day in 1960, naming Brasília the capital of Brazil. Designed by architect Oscar Niemeyer and urban planner Lucio Costa, the city's construction was a colossal and mind-boggling accomplishment.

May 1: Labour Day (national holiday)

May 22: Corpus Christi (national holiday)

This springtime commemoration of the Holy Eucharist was introduced by the Portuguese. This is an all-day affair in Brasília, with processions of children dressed in white and streets covered in sawdust, leaves, dried flowers, coffee grounds and chalk.

September 7: Independence Day (national holiday)

Brazil's independence from Portugal on this day in 1822 is celebrated in Brasília with fireworks, concerts and other staged performances, streets parties and dances.

November 2: All Souls' Day (Dia de Finados, national holiday)

On this day, families gather to pay tribute to the departed and decorate their tombs at the cemetery.

December 2: National Samba Day (celebrated nationwide)

This day celebrating Brazil's most popular dance form also marks the official start of the summer holidays. As in other cities across the country, it is celebrated in Brasília with numerous samba performances, concerts and revellers dancing in the streets.

December 25: Christmas (national holiday)

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Brasília has a tropical savanna climate due to its location in the central highlands of Brazil, with low humidity levels. Temperatures remain relatively high throughout the year. Winters are mild and temperatures are rarely negative.

Month Min. Average Temperature (°C/F°) Max. Average Temperature (°C/F°) Average Rains (MM) Best Time to Travel
January 17/63 27/81 241/9.5 Not the best period to go
February 17/63 27/81 214/8.4 Not the best period to go
March 17/63 27/81 189/7.4 Not the best period to go
April 17/63 27/81 123/4.8 Not the best period to go
May 15/59 26/79 39/1.5 Good period to go Good period to go
June 13/55 25/77 8/0.3 Good period to go Good period to go
July 13/55 25/77 11/0.4 Good period to go Good period to go
August 15/59 27/81 12/0.5 Good period to go Good period to go
September 16/61 28/61 51/2.0 Not the best period to go
October 17/63 27/81 172/6.8 Not the best period to go
November 17/63 26/79 238 Not the best period to go
December 17/63 26/79 248/9.8 Not the best period to go
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Brasília-Presidente Juscelino Kubitschek International Airport

Brasília International Airport is located about 11 kilometres (7 miles) south of the city centre.

  • Two terminals:
    • Terminal 1 (Air France)
    • Terminal 2

Getting from the airport to Brasília and back:
  • By car
    • Accessible via the DF-002 and the DF-003 motorways. It takes about 15 minutes to reach the city centre.
    • There is a large parking lot with a capacity of 1,000 spaces just outside the airport. BRL 5 for up to 1 hour, BRL 3 for the second hour and BRL 1 for each additional hour, BRL 31 daily.
    • Several car rental companies have counters in the arrivals hall.
  • By rail
    • Metro line 113 connects the airport to the centre of Brasília. Trains leave every 20 minutes and reach the city centre in about 20 minutes. BRL 3 for one way.
  • By bus
    • Bus line 102 links the airport to the central Brasília. The trip takes about 30 minutes. Minibuses 11 and 30 connect the airport with L2 in the North Sector and W3 in the North and South Sectors. The fare is BRL 3 each way.
  • By taxi
    • Taxis are available at the ranks outside the arrivals hall. The trip to central Brasília costs around BRL 30.
  • Services: shops, bars and restaurants, free Internet access (Wi-Fi) available in the airport.
  • Telephone: +55 (0)61 3364 9000
  • Website:

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Built in the late 1960s, Brasília was designed specifically for cars. As a result, other modes of transport are not very developed, although they do exist. Buses are the main public transport option. Brasília also has a Metro, built in 1992, but trains only run from the bus station along the Asa Sul to the satellite cities.

By bus

The city's bus routes serve most points of interest in Brasília. A single ticket costs BRL 3.

By taxi

Taxis are plentiful in Brasília. It is important to make sure that the driver turns on the meter when setting off. Alternatively, you can agree on a price beforehand. Expect to pay between BRL 10 and BRL 20 for a trip within the city centre.

By car

Cars are the most popular means of transport for locals in Brasília. There are many car rental agencies dotted around the city. However, like elsewhere in the country, Brasília's main thoroughfares become congested with traffic at rush hours and parking garages are often full.

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Visitor information

Upon your arrival in Brasília, you can get in touch with local tourism professionals for further information and to help organise your stay.

Secretaria Adjunta de Turismo – Brasília

Offers practical information and useful recommendations (accommodation, restaurants, public transport, festivals, cultural events, etc.).

Further information available online for visitors to Brazil

The official website developed and maintained by Embratur, the Brazilian national tourist board, provides a wealth of information on Brasília.

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Currency and Exchange Rates

The currency used in Brazil is the Real (BRL).

1 € = 4,83 R$

1 R$ = 0,21 €

The above exchange rate is given for information because is variable.

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Medical information

Brasília counts several hospitals and medical institutions, as well as quality medical practitioners and health specialists. See your doctor before you travel. It is recommended that you obtain insurance covering health care expenses as well as medical evacuation or repatriation before you leave home.


Brazilian authorities now require proof of vaccination against yellow fever for travellers arriving from the following countries: French Guiana, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela. The original of the vaccination certificate must be presented. Booster doses of diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and polio vaccines are mandatory. For more information, contact Air France's international vaccination centre:

Precautionary measures

Malaria : This serious and sometimes fatal disease, transmitted by mosquitoes, requires protective measures (repellent sprays, salves, diffusers and mosquito nets for sleeping).

Dengue fever : In recent years, Brazil has seen a resurgence in dengue cases. Basic protective measures are imperative (use of insect repellent on skin and clothing).

Chikungunya : Some regions of Brazil (particular in the north and north-east of the country) have seen cases of chikungunya, a mosquito-borne infection that causes fever and severe joint pain. Protective measures should be observed (wearing long sleeves, pants and socks, use of insect repellents and mosquito nets).


Drinking tap water is not recommended. It is better to drink bottled water.

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Administrative procedures

As a general rule, foreign nationals must apply for visa before travelling to Brazil. However, Brazil has entered into visa exemption agreements with a number of countries. To find out if you will need a visa for travel to Brazil, visit the consular section of the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs website for the latest travel information and recommendations. Comprehensive information that may be helpful for international visitors is also provided on the Brazil page of the U.S. State Department’s travel Website:

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To enjoy peace of mind during your stay in Brasília, visit the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of your country.

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Essential phrases

Here are a few basic Brazilian Portuguese phrases that will make your stay in Brasília a little easier:

Good morning: Bom dia

Good afternoon (until 6 pm): Boa tarde

Good evening / Good night: Boa noite

Good-bye: Adeus

Yes: Sim

No: Não

No, thank you: Não, obrigado(a)

Thank you very much: Muito obrigado(a)

I don't understand: Eu não entendo

Could you please repeat?: Você pode repetir ?

Please: Por favor / Desculpe

What time is it?: Que horas são?

Excuse me: Com licença

Airport: Aeroporto

Station: Estação

Taxi: Táxi

Hotel: Hotel

Hospital: Hospital

Bank: Banco

Telephone: Telefone

I am (…): Eu sou (…)

I'm looking for (…): Eu procuro

How much is (…)?: Quanto custa ?

Do you have (…)?: Você tem (…) ?

Where can I find (…)?: Onde é que há (…) ?

Where can I buy (…)?: Onde posso comprar (…) ?

I would like (…): Queria (…)

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Good to know

00 55
+ phone number without the 0 (calls to Brasília)
-5 : 00
of time difference with
Start of daylight savings time: third Sunday in October
End of daylight saving time: third Sunday in February


Usually open Monday to Friday from 10 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.

Usually open Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. and 2:30 p.m. to 5 p.m.
127 V / 50 Hz

In Brasília as in the rest of Brazil, a 10% service charge is included in the bill at bars and restaurants. However, it is customary to leave a little extra tip if you are particularly pleased with the service.

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